Bohemian villages underwent a significant transformation at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. Farmers became entitled to inherit their farms, and wages and trading begain to have clear-cut rules. The village ground-plan itself changed – from erratically scattered homesteads toward organized plots, geometrically arranged, affording plenty of space for roads and the market. The number of houses ranged from 20 to 25.
The hub of the village was the common or public space, which served as a social, cultural and economic arena. The limits of the township were fenced or walled.